Sunday, June 18, 2017

Great Gatsby Read-Along: Chapter VI

This chapter begins amusingly enough, with little tales of Gatsby's notoriety -- my favorite being that "he didn't live in a house at all, but in a boat that looked like a house and was moved secretly up and down the Long Island shore" (p. 103).  That cracks me up.

But we quickly move to more serious stuff, particularly the true story of Gatsby's background.  Or, more truthfully, what Nick Carraway believes is the truth about him, that he was in fact a nobody named James Gatz who reinvented himself as Jay Gatsby and has been ever since living as "the sort of Jay Gatsby that a seventeen-year-old boy would be likely to invent" (p. 104).

I did this as a teenager, did you?  Make up a different version of myself who was all the things I wasn't, and imagine all kinds of great stuff about myself.  Like I was a movie star who made films with all my favorite real-life movie stars.  Or I owned a giant ranch back in the Old West and employed all my favorite fictional cowboys from all kinds of old TV shows and movies.  Great fun.  

But I never did what James Gatz did.  I never tried to actually live out one of my dream lives.  I was happy enough in my real life that I contentedly left my pretending inside my head.  James Gatz was not.  Maybe that's because my parents are very loving people who raised me in a comfortable middle-class lifestyle, while Gatsby's parents "were shiftless and unsuccessful farm people" (p. 104).  Or maybe it's just that I'm a completely different sort of person than he was -- I'm content to spin amazing fantasies to this day, but I don't feel the need to experience them.  

Random thing:  that "small Lutheran college of St. Olaf's in southern Minnesota" (p. 105) where Gatsby attended for two week -- it really exists.  I know, because I myself attended a small Lutheran college in a different southern Minnesota city.  Cowboy was on our debate team, and he debated people from St. Olaf's.  I've been on the campus once or twice, though I forget why.

Anyway, James Gatz became Jay Gatsby one fateful day when he rescued a rich dude named Dan Cody who anchored his yacht in the wrong part of Lake Superior.  

(Alan Ladd and Henry Hull in the 1949 movie version)

 Dan Cody basically adopted Gatsby, introduced him to the finer things of life, and taught him to run with the rich folks.  But all those years with Cody couldn't teach Gatsby quite how to fit in with born-to-riches people, as we see in this chapter when Tom arrives with some pals at Gatsby's mansion.  Gatsby's too eager, too pleased -- he keeps saying he's delighted they're there, and so on.  Nick notes, "As though they cared!" (p. 108).  I think that's such a very, very telling line.  Nick himself was born in the upper classes, though to a family that worked their way up there.  Nick knows Tom and his pals don't care.  Gatsby doesn't know.  And Gatsby cares too much -- that's a big part of why he doesn't quite mesh in that world, I think.  Gatsby cares too much.  He hasn't learned to shrug life off, to be content with boredom.  He keeps reaching, keeps yearning, keeps needing.

And he's oblivious to the fact that this woman carelessly invited him to her dinner party, but has no desire to have him there.  He thinks an invitation means you're wanted.  After all, when he invited Nick over, it was because he wanted Nick to be there.  Gatsby misses out on social cues because he's not from that same level of society.  If he married someone and they had kids, their kids would likely turn out like Nick -- knowing how to move in this rich world.  But even coming into that higher society as a teen was too late for Gatsby to learn everything.

Then Tom and Daisy go to one of Gatsby's parties, and it's a disaster.  Nothing goes right, no one enjoys themselves -- Gatsby's dream of having Daisy at his side is one step closer, but it's not the way he imagined it.  What had been fun and amusing at the last party "turned septic on the air now" (p. 113), even for Nick.

Interestingly, it's not Gatsby alone who misunderstands something in this chapter.  He has his socially awkward mistake earlier, but at the party, it's Daisy who fails to understand the fun that people are having.  She's "appalled by its raw vigour that chafed under the old euphemisms" (p. 114) -- she's from the traditional, moneyed world that is rapidly falling to the wayside in the wake of Modern Life.  

I love how Nick jumps to Gatsby's defense when Tom says he must be a bootlegger.  I do identify a lot with Nick in this book, I've come to realize.  That swift loyalty, especially.

And at last, we get to Gatsby's very, very famous proclamation about time.  "'Can't repeat the past?' he cried incredulously.  'Why of course you can!'"(p. 117).  Gatsby's convinced himself that, by the sheer force of his own will, he can erase what happened before and start over again with Daisy.  After all, he's acquired this fortune, this house, this fame just because he decided to -- why shouldn't he be able to get the life he's dreamed up for himself and Daisy too, just because he decided to?  

Last thought.  In the structure of a play, at least in the classical structure, there's always a climax, also called a crisis, which is basically the point of no return.  The one spot where something happens, and everything after that will be determined by that one action.  Hamlet believing the Ghost.  Ilsa walking into Rick's bar.  Frodo standing up and saying he will take the ring to Mordor.  Everything after is a result of that decision.  Literature quite often has that spot too, and you could argue that for The Great Gatsby, the climax was in the previous chapter, when Gatsby sees Daisy again.  Or even when Nick agrees to have Daisy over to tea.  But I think you could also argue that no, the climax for this story happened five years before it began.  It could have been "when he kissed this girl, and forever wed his unutterable visions to her perishable breath" (p. 118).  Everything that happened after that, including all of this book, was set into motion that one night, with that one kiss.  What do you think?  That can be one of our Possible Discussion Questions for today.

Favorite Lines:

It is invariably saddening to look through new eyes at things upon which you have expended your own powers of adjustment (p. 111).

(More) Possible Discussion Questions:

When Tom appears at Gatsby's for a drink, Nick says that "the really surprising thing was that it hadn't happened before" (p. 108).  What do you suppose Nick means by that?

Why doesn't Tom want to me known as "the polo player" at Gatsby's party? 


  1. Great thought about the climax being before the novel even begins! I think you could definitely argue that! Gatsby seems a little naive because he thinks all he needed was money to get Daisy. Now that he has it, why shouldn't Daisy be his? But as the reader (maybe because of Nick's narration), we seem to know that its not just about the money. I think this is where the disillusionment starts to come in to play. All the work, all that focus on one thing for all that time - for what? Nothing.

    1. Thanks, Dale! That struck me as I was reading this chapter, and I was like, "Whoa, I have to see if this makes sense to anyone else."

      Gatsby does have a naivete to him, doesn't he? It's part of what makes him likable even though he's so obsessive.

      The disillusionment is definitely building -- starting with when Daisy walked through his house, I think, and was so very real and unscripted, and now it's just going to keep mounting.

  2. This is one of my favorite chapters because of the underlying emotions flying everywhere. It's so interesting to see how all the characters bounce off of each other.

    1. Laura, that's so true -- things really start to cook here, with Gatsby and Tom and Daisy all interacting together and so on.

  3. I'm so glad you brought up the climax. When I read this many years ago for TWEM, the one review question I struggled with was Where is the climax? I felt like it was in his past, but I never understood that line -- which I did this second time around. That is a great place to put the turning point b/c "forever" seals his fate, so to speak. When I first read it, I drew a question mark; but this time, I underlined it, boxed it, and drew a big heart under it. That's it!

    1. Ruth, it really is a subtle thing, but I think it was Gatsby's choosing of Daisy that sets the whole shebang in motion. Which never occurred to me before!

  4. Tom and Daisy have so much falseness. Yes, the showiness at Gatsby's parties is vulgar, but truly, so are Tom's lurid affairs and their self-absorption. But they do all their ways "correctly." Nick is a shallow snoot too towards Gatsby. As are all the people (except perhaps owl-eyes) at the party. They are just using Gatsby although of course he is using them too, its all for Daisy, but I feel so sorry for him that he doesn't have friends, no one tries to care for him, they all use him and leave him, and Nick is left to clean up the mess (unwillingly, ungraciously, and ultimately uncaringly).

    1. Livia, it's true -- there are almost no characters here who are not hiding things, lying, and so on. Wilson is the only one I can think of who doesn't do that.

  5. Agree...that is the climax! Because it was where Gatsby's fate is sealed. If he kissed the girl, pop! his dream will vanish. If he climb the ladder (social ladder?) alone, he might keep enjoying his illusion. Once the kiss was done, come the reality (which is not as beautiful as the dream).

    1. Fanda, glad you agree!

      I wonder what Gatsby would have done with his life if he hadn't kissed Daisy there.

  6. I always forget about Tom and then coming to Gatsby's, but whenever I read it, it's one of my favorite parts. I think for the reasons you were talking about, with Gatsby not knowing how to be rich. He's so oblivious, and it's so sad to see. Like, just forget them, man! They're all terrible and soulless anyway.

    I think this might be the chapter that makes me feel most sorry for Gatsby.

    I would probably argue for the crisis being the kiss. Because Gatsby probably would have found a way to see Daisy again even without Nick's help. Though seeing her again is a huge step, he was heading in that direction already, I'd say. But without you pointing out the options, I might not have even thought of the kiss. ;)

    I always take that to mean that because of Gatsby's fame, everyone else in the area have met him in a similar fashion, so Tom being the one left is surprising. And also a bit ironic. :P

    Idk... but I think it's hilarious!

    1. Sarah, I know. I want to jump in there and tell Gatsby to just ignore them, that's all they deserve. Poor guy.

      Yes, I keep chuckling over Tom's grumpy response to being called "the polo player." Just like he didn't want Daisy to call him "hulking" at the beginning of the book. He wants to be taken seriously, I guess.


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